There are a lot of updates on Java versions recently, and it is hard to keep track of them. In this post, I will show you a tip to manage and install different Java versions on MacOS Mojave 10.14+.
Install different Java versions
What is the latest Java version at the time of this writing you think?
Well, it is not Java 8, 9, or 10. It’s Java 12 already. Check out the release note of Java 12.
On a fresh new MacBook, try following command:
➜ ~ java -version No Java runtime present, requesting install.
It will show this prompt dialog,
Not really nice, we need to access Oracle Java page, login and select a Java version to install. Too many steps just to install Java.
What about using Homebrew to install Java?
Great idea! Mac users/developers should know how to manage software installation via Homebrew theses days.
Check this out:
➜ ~ brew info java Error: No available formula with the name "java" Found a cask named "java" instead. java: 12,33 https://jdk.java.net/ Not installed From: https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew-cask/blob/master/Casks/java.rb ==> Name OpenJDK Java Development Kit ==> Artifacts jdk-12.jdk -> /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/openjdk-12.jdk (Generic Artifact)
Ah ha, the command
brew info java always bring up the latest Java version.
In reality, most of Java softwares are still under Java 8, not really upgraded to latest Java version. Therefore, we will need a way to install Java 8.
How to install Java 8?
Try this cask:
$ brew tap caskroom/versions Updating Homebrew... ==> Auto-updated Homebrew! Updated 1 tap (homebrew/cask). No changes to formulae. ==> Tapping caskroom/versions Cloning into '/usr/local/Homebrew/Library/Taps/caskroom/homebrew-versions'... remote: Enumerating objects: 231, done. remote: Counting objects: 100% (231/231), done. remote: Compressing objects: 100% (223/223), done. remote: Total 231 (delta 14), reused 56 (delta 5), pack-reused 0 Receiving objects: 100% (231/231), 95.43 KiB | 204.00 KiB/s, done. Resolving deltas: 100% (14/14), done. Tapped 201 casks (249 files, 360.8KB).
Alright, let’s search for all Java formulas:
As you can see, there are
java11, which are LTS versions.
Well, install Java 8 should be done via this command:
$ brew cask install java8
After that, you should have two Java versions,
In case you want to uninstall a Java formula, use this command:
$ brew cask remove java
It will remove
java formula completely from your Mac.
Current Java version can be verified by this:
➜ ~ /usr/libexec/java_home -V Matching Java Virtual Machines (2): 12, x86_64: "OpenJDK 12" /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/openjdk-12.jdk/Contents/Home 1.8.0_202, x86_64: "Java SE 8" /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_202.jdk/Contents/Home /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/openjdk-12.jdk/Contents/Home
If you install more Java versions, it will show more on output.
The bottom line indicates the current Java JDK being used, it means the version of Java when you type
In above result, Java 12 is the one being used.
How to switch to Java 8?
java_home works by validating the
JAVA_HOME environment variable to determine the current Java version.
Therefore, the only thing we need to do is to config the JDK path for
This can be done by following command:
➜ ~ export JAVA_HOME=`/usr/libexec/java_home -v 1.8`
Verify Java 8 version just by:
➜ ~ java -version java version "1.8.0_202" Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_202-b08) Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.202-b08, mixed mode)
Yay, it works perfectly.
With this little trick, you can write a Bash function/command to handle the terminal for your Mac development environment.